Equity

Essentially, Equity is the total value of something when broken down into assets. You may have heard this term referred to when discussing a will or business. Assets are items of value, such as a house, a car or jewellery. In this context, equity can refer to the value of all the shares in a limited company.

If a company’s assets are liquidated, the equity would be the value that the shareholders are returned. When you buy shares, you are actually buying equity in the company.

Is equity taxable?

If you make an income through equity, you may be liable to pay tax on the earnings.

  • If a company you own shares in pays you a dividend of over £1000, you may need to pay dividend tax.
  • If you make profits from selling shares, and those profits are over the Capital Gains allowance (£3,000 in 2024/2025), you will need to pay Capital Gains Tax (CGT) on them
  • You need to pay CGT when you sell shares that you received as part of an employee incentive scheme (for example, EMI)
  • Be aware that any profits from selling shares of EIS/SEIS startups are tax-free
  • You can claim Income Tax relief when you invest in EIS/SEIS startups
  • You don’t need to declare or pay tax on any profits or dividends from shares held in a Stocks & Shares ISA

Frequently Asked Questions

Search More Terms

View our latest news & insights

14 February 2024
Navigating the landscape of business taxes in the UK can seem daunting, especially given the range of taxes that might a...
Navigating the landscape of business taxes in the UK can seem daunting, especially given the range of taxes that might apply to your organization. However, understanding which taxes are relevant to your business is crucial for com...
17 January 2024
Your business has costs to deal with and pay as part of their day-to-day trade and as part of ad hoc strategies. They ty...
Your business has costs to deal with and pay as part of their day-to-day trade and as part of ad hoc strategies. They typically range from phone line bills, postage and stationery to computer software and travel costs. Being the o...